Parque Natural Regional La Tatacoa. De Prioridad de Conservación a Realidad.
In Colombia 350.000 ha. of nature are destroyed every year and this number tends to increase in response to the expansion of the infrastructure and other productive activities. Meanwhile 130 ecosystems – equivalent to 39% of the types that exist in Colombia – remain excluded from the natural parks. In 2005 the research group ARCO published the priorities for conservation in Colombia. The Tatacoa was one of the selected areas: it should be a park for the conservation of the biodiversity. In 2008 the regional environmental institute (CAM) declared the Tatacoa as a Regional Natural Park.
This book compiles the ecological characterization and the environmental problems of the Tatacoa region, the way it was selected and how the limits were defined using where possible natural boundaries. Based on a condition and vulnerability analysis, a zoning is proposed for the management of the park and its buffer zone. The book also describes the design of four eco-tourism circuits, the architectural guidelines for their implementation and the methodology for the generation of the environmental regulation with emphasis on the declaration and putting in operation of biological conservation areas. Although the book deals with this particular area of Colombia, the procedure is applicable to other parts of the country and of the world.